Agriculture is undoubtedly risky, and the risk of a bad year discourages farmers from investing in high-yielding activities. By building resilience, agricultural insurance can help farmers improve their productivity and provide food security.
Despite rich in natural resources such as water, fertile soil, mineral reserves and sun, Bihar and Odisha have not been able to capitalize upon their vast resources due lack of infrastructure (like roads, power and markets), concentration of the poor population with high density in most parts, weak institutions (such as credit, insurance, education and extension) and weak governance.
It is widely believed that increased usage of new technologies directly affects the advances in agricultural development. The uptake and use of new technologies is highly dependent on several context-specific factors. Among other important factors, farmers’ perceptions of risks associated with the new technology as well as their ability or willingness to take risks greatlyRead more
(Cross-posted from the IFPRI website written by Rebecca Sullivan) Technology can serve as a catalyst in agriculture, shifting farmers from subsistence to profit, and spurring dramatic quality of life improvements for the rural poor in many developing countries. New technologies can also help farmers contend with the mounting challenges to food security brought about by aRead more
The per capita demand for pulses is declining in India. Yet they remain a cheap and an important source of protein. On the supply side, pulses’ production had hovered around 11 and 14 million tons during the last three decades. Stagnation in production has led to rise in the prices of pulses that further affectedRead more
Droughts represent a significant constraint to rice production in much of India. Roughly 20 percent of India’s total land area is drought prone, leading to significant negative impacts on rice production, both in reductions in area cultivated and in lower yields. Droughts directly impact farm incomes and often have significant secondary impacts such as indebtedness,Read more
Hybrid rice has the potential to significantly increase rice yields, resulting in higher farm incomes and more abundant food supplies that can stabilize prices for both urban and rural food-insecure households. Despite these promising results, the pace of hybrid rice adoption in South Asia has been slow, particularly in comparison with experiences in China.Technical challenges,Read more
Helping rural farmers and their families achieve food and economic security through technology was the focus of two International Food PolicyResearch Institute (IFPRI) workshops held separately in Bhubaneswar, Odisha on January 29 and Patna, Bihar on January 31, 2013. Both workshops brought together local experts to identify promising technologies that could improve the livelihood andRead more
Understanding how farmers adopt new information is vital to successful extension programs. Yet delivery of local information to farmers in a reliable, timely manner remains a challenge. Any attempt to reform agricultural extension systems needs to start with a full understanding of farmers' information needs, as well as how that need is currently being metRead more