Pakistan

Agriculture and the rural economy in Pakistan: Issues, outlooks, and policy priorities: Synopsis
Spielman, David J.; Malik, Sohail Jehangir; Dorosh, Paul A.; Ahmad, Nuzhat. Washington, D.C. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: Synopses
Record type: Synopsis; Book summary
Keywords: economic development; agricultural development; rural areas; agricultural policies; climate change; productivity; nutrition; food consumption; poverty; irrigation; water use; land use; land management; infrastructure; seeds; fertilizers; gender; women
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.2499/9780896292390
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2499/9780896292390
DOIA: 10.2499/9780896292390
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI2; CRP2; A Ensuring Sustainable food production; C Improving markets and trade; D Transforming Agriculture; E Building Resilience; F Strengthening institutions and governance; G Cross-cutting gender theme; PSSP; Capacity Strengthening
Date created: 2017-01-10
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0001-6273-7866; 0000-0001-6049-6018; 0000-0001-6273-7866
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/131044/filename/131044.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.2499/9780896292390
Abstract | View

While policy makers, media, and the international community focus their attention on Pakistan’s ongoing security challenges, the potential of the rural economy, and particularly the agricultural sector, to improve Pakistanis’ well-being is being neglected. Agriculture is crucial to Pakistan’s economy. Almost half of the country’s labor force works in the agricultural sector, which produces food and inputs for industry (such as cotton for textiles) and accounts for over a third of Pakistan’s total export earnings. Equally important are nonfarm economic activities in rural areas, such as retail sales in small village shops, transportation services, and education and health services in local schools and clinics. Rural nonfarm activities account for between 40 and 57 percent of total rural household income. Their large share of income means that the agricultural sector and the rural nonfarm economy have vital roles to play in promoting growth and reducing poverty in Pakistan.
A4NH flagship 2: Biofortification
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) . Washington, D.C. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: A4NH Note No.: 2
Record type: Brochure
Keywords: agriculture; health; nutrition; biofortification; poverty; deficiencies; micronutrients; trace elements; crops; food crops
Countries: BANGLADESH; AFRICA; ASIA; WEST AFRICA; NIGERIA; LATIN AMERICA; SOUTH ASIA; DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO; AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA; EAST AFRICA; SOUTHERN AFRICA; INDIA; CENTRAL AFRICA; ZAMBIA; PAKISTAN; RWANDA; UGANDA; CARIBBEAN
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; CRP4
Date created: 2017-04-04
Subtitle:
orcida:
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/131122/filename/131122.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

Micronutrient deficiency affects approximately 2 billion people globally and is caused by poor-quality diets resulting in low intakes of key micronutrients. Children who are micronutrient deficient in early childhood are at a much higher risk of infections, and less able to recover than healthy children. Biofortification uses plant breeding to improve the nutritional content of food crops, especially staple foods that poor people already consume, in order to reduce inadequate intakes and micronutrient deficiency in the most at-risk populations.
Can agricultural aspirations influence preferences for new technologies?
Bell, Andrew R.; Ward, Patrick S.; Ashfaq, Muhammad; Davies, Stephen. Washington, D.C. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper No.: 1636
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: trickle irrigation; irrigation systems; experimentation; water supply; water use efficiency
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; CRP2; PSSP; A Ensuring Sustainable food production
Date created: 2017-05-03
Subtitle: Cropping systems and preferences for high-efficiency irrigation in Punjab, Pakistan
orcida: 0000-0001-8793-1200; 0000-0003-3659-0893
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/131156/filename/131156.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

In the face of increasing environmental stresses, there is a critical need to improve water-use efficiency in many arid and semiarid agroclimatic zones. Drip irrigation is a high-efficiency irrigation technology that can improve water-use efficiency in currently irrigated areas and transform areas that are not otherwise irrigable in practice. Although adoption of drip irrigation is growing rapidly in India, adoption is low in neighboring Pakistan. The authors of this paper undertook a discrete choice experiment framed around the hypothetical subsidized purchase of a drip irrigation system in four districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The nonrepresentative sample of adopters and nonadopters in the study districts identified a clear increase in the valuation of drip systems in the first several years following adoption. This finding suggests that farmers may be unaware of the opportunities for the use of drip irrigation on their farms or the benefits that may accrue from such use. In addition, farmers’ aspirations for cropping systems under drip were better predictors of the valuation of drip systems than were current cropping patterns, implying that a different agricultural landscape might reasonably emerge under improved adoption of drip. Aspirations differed across the different agroecological zones and water regimes captured by this study. Aspirations to substitute wheat crops for fruits and vegetables were associated with a higher appreciation of the subsidy level, whereas aspirations to expand wheat were associated with a higher appreciation of the area covered by the drip initiative; together, these findings imply a degree of control over the extent of wheat production in the landscape via careful design of the drip subsidy program. Although the penetration of drip irrigation is not yet sufficient to draw inferences from a representative sample, these results suggest a number of ways in which drip irrigation may transform Pakistan’s agricultural landscape
A question of integrity: Variants of Bt Cotton, pesticides and productivity in Pakistan
Ma, Xingliang; Smale, Melinda; Spielman, David J.; Zambrano, Patricia; Nazli, Hina; Zaidi, Fatima. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Journal of Agricultural Economics No.: 68(2)
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: pesticides; productivity
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1477-9552.12174
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1477-9552.12174
DOIA: 10.1111/1477-9552.12174
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3; ISI; PSSP; CRP2
Date created: 2016-07-12
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-6889-7358; 0000-0002-3324-1324; 0000-0003-3377-5382
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5436/filename/5436.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1111/1477-9552.12174
The impacts of cash transfers on women’s empowerment: Learning from Pakistan’s BISP program
Ambler, Kate; de Brauw, Alan. Washington, D.C. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Social Protection and Labor Discussion Paper No.: 1702
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: women; gender; empowerment; decision making; households; children; investment; poverty
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/840271488779553030/The-impacts-of-cash-transfers-on-women-s-empowerment-learning-from-Pakistan-s-BISP-program
DOI: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/840271488779553030/The-impacts-of-cash-transfers-on-women-s-empowerment-learning-from-Pakistan-s-BISP-program
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI5; CRP2
Date created: 2017-03-08
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0001-6277-0930; 0000-0002-5045-8939
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5733/filename/5733.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Aspirations and the role of social protection: evidence from a natural disaster in rural Pakistan
Kosec, Katrina; Mo, Cecilia Hyunjung. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: World Development No.: 97(September 2017)
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: climate change; psychology; natural disasters; flooding
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.03.039
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.03.039
DOIA: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.03.039
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI; E.1 Policies, institutions and investments for resilient social systems; E Building Resilience; CRP2; D Transforming Agriculture; PSSP; ISI
Date created: 2017-05-02
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-5126-5215
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5793/filename/5793.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.03.039
Abstract | View

Citizens’ aspirations are increasingly recognized as an important dimension of their well-being. Those with high aspirations set ambitious goals for themselves, and those with low aspirations may fall prey to a poverty trap. Do natural disasters negatively impact aspirations? If so, can governments blunt these effects? We consider Pakistan’s devastating 2010 floods—and the government’s uneven relief efforts—to analyze these questions. We first show that the extreme rainfall generating this disaster significantly reduced aspirations, even when current levels of household expenditure, wealth, and education are taken into account. Individuals experiencing 2010 monsoon season rainfall that was one standard deviation higher than average had aspiration levels 1.5 years later that were 0.15 standard deviations lower than those of similar individuals experiencing just average levels of rainfall. This is the same negative shock to aspirations that one would experience as a result of a 50% reduction in household expenditures. Moreover, the negative effect of natural disasters on aspirations is especially strong among the poor, and among those who are most vulnerable to weather shocks. However, exploiting exogenous variation in flood relief access, we show that government social protection can attenuate these negative impacts. Individuals in villages that received Citizens Damage Compensation (Watan Card) Program flood relief—providing cash equivalent to 9.4% of annual household expenditures in each of the three years following the disaster—saw significantly lower declines in aspirations than did those in similarly affected villages without this relief. This offers a new understanding of social protection; it not only restores livelihoods and replaces damaged assets, but also has an enduring effect by easing mental burdens, and thus raising aspirations for the future. The negative effects of natural disasters and the efficacy of government relief programs may thus be underestimated if aspirations are ignored.
What are farmers really planting? Measuring the presence and effectiveness of Bt cotton in Pakistan
Spielman, David J.; Zaidi, Fatima; Zambrano, Patricia; Khan, Asif Ali; Ali, Shaukat; Cheema, Masooma Naseer; Nazli, Hina; Khan, Sohail Ahmad; Iqbal, Arshad; Zia, Muhammad Amir; Ali, Ghulam Muhammad. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: PLOS One
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: cotton; Bt-cotton; hybrids; pests; pest control; gene expression; fiber crops; fibre crops; seeds; genetic resources; seed; policies; seed technology
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176592
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176592
DOIA: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176592
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3; ISI; CRP2; A Ensuring Sustainable food production; C Improving markets and trade; PSSP
Date created: 2017-05-04
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-6889-7358; 0000-0003-1786-5409; 0000-0003-3377-5382; 0000-0002-3324-1324
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5796/filename/5796.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0176592
Factors influencing the productivity and efficiency of wheat farmers in Punjab, Pakistan
Battese, George E.; Nazli, Hina; Smale, Melinda. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies No.: 7(2)
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: wheat; zinc deficiency; productivity; rural poverty
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-12-2013-0042
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-12-2013-0042
DOIA: 10.1108/JADEE-12-2013-0042
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3; HarvestPlus; CRP4
Date created: 2017-06-16
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0003-1786-5409
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5860/filename/5860.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1108/JADEE-12-2013-0042
Reconstructing annual groundwater storage changes in a large-scale irrigation region using GRACE data and Budyko model
Tang, Yin; Hooshyar, Milad; Zhu, Tingju; Ringler, Claudia; Sun, Alexander Y.; Long, Di; Wang, Dingbao. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Journal of Hydrology No.: 551(August 2017)
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: water management; irrigation; groundwater; water use
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.06.021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.06.021
DOIA: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.06.021
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3
Date created: 2017-06-22
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-6882-3551; 0000-0002-8266-0488
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5867/filename/5867.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.06.021
Economic development, mobility, and political discontent: An experimental test of Tocqueville’s thesis in Pakistan
Healy, Andrew; Kosec, Katrina; Mo, Cecilia Hyunjung. 2017

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: American Political Science Review No.: 111(3)
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: economic situation; living standards; economic development
Countries: PAKISTAN; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1017/S000305541700017X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S000305541700017X
DOIA: 10.1017/S000305541700017X
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3
Date created: 2017-06-29
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-5126-5215
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5888/filename/5888.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1017/S000305541700017X

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