India

Identifying sociodemographic, programmatic and dietary drivers of anaemia reduction in pregnant Indian women over 10 years
Chakrabarti, Suman; George, Nitya Rachel; Majumder, Moutushi; Raykar, Neha; Scott, Samuel. Article in press

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Public Health Nutrition
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: pregnant women; diet; anaemia; nutrition; households; gender
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018000903
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018000903
DOIA: 10.1017/S1368980018000903
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3; CRP4; ISI; DCA
Date created: 2018-04-18
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-5078-2173; 0000-0003-0294-0023; 0000-0002-5564-0510
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/6223/filename/6223.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1017/S1368980018000903
Preferential resource spending under an employment guarantee
Sheahan, Megan; Liu, Yanyan; Barrett, Christopher B.; Narayanan, Sudha. Article in Press

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: World Bank Economic Review
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: employment; politics
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhw044
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhw044
DOIA: 10.1093/wber/lhw044
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI3; ISI; CRP2
Date created: 2016-09-02
Subtitle: The political economy of MGNREGS in Andhra Pradesh
orcida: 0000-0001-7553-2464
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/5507/filename/5507.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1093/wber/lhw044
Satellite sun‐induced chlorophyll fluorescence detects early response of winter wheat to heat stress in the Indian Indo‐Gangetic Plains
Song, Lian; Guanter, Luis; Guan, Kaiyu; You, Liangzhi; Huete, Alfredo; Ju, Weimin; Zhang, Yongguang. Article in Press

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Global Change Biology
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: heat stress; crop yield; fluorescence; chlorophylls; Winter wheat; climate change; satellite observation; agricultural research
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14302
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14302
DOIA: 10.1111/gcb.14302
IFPRI descriptor: DCA; IFPRI3; ISI
Date created: 2018-05-14
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0001-7930-8814
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/6241/filename/6241.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1111/gcb.14302
Maternal depressive symptoms are negatively associated with child growth and development: Evidence from rural India
Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Friedman, Jed; Kak, Mohini; Menon, Purnima; Alderman, Harold. Article in Press

Collection: /p15738coll5
Series: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Record type: Journal article
Keywords: child development; malnutrition; nutrition; depression; child nutrition; mental health
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12621
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12621
DOIA: 10.1111/mcn.12621
IFPRI descriptor: ISI; IFPRI3; CRP4; 2 Promoting Healthy Diets and Nutrition for all
Date created: 2018-05-21
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0003-3418-1674; 0000-0001-5988-2894; 0000-0001-8019-6397
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll5/id/6245/filename/6245.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.1111/mcn.12621
Abstract | View

Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low‐ and middle‐income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut‐offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist. Data were from a baseline household survey (n = 2,934) of a randomized controlled trial assessing an early childhood development programme. Multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted, adjusting for socio‐economic factors to avoid confounding the association of mental health and child outcomes. MDS (measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale) was categorized as low, medium, and high in 47%, 42%, and 10% of mothers, respectively. The prevalence of child developmental delay ranged from 16% to 27% for various development domains. Compared with children of mothers with low MDS, those of high MDS mothers had lower height‐for‐age, weight‐for‐age, and weight‐for‐height z‐scores (0.22, 0.21, and 0.15, respectively), a higher rate of stunting and underweight (~1.5 times), and higher rate of developmental delay (partial adjusted odds ratio ranged from 1.3–1.8 for different development domains and fully adjusted odds ratio = 1.4 for fine motor). Our results—that MDS is significantly associated with both child undernutrition and development delay—add to the call for practical interventions to address maternal depression to simultaneously address multiple outcomes for both women and children.
Does cooperative membership improve household welfare? Evidence from a panel data analysis of smallholder dairy farmers in Bihar, India
Kumar, Anjani; Saroj, Sunil; Takeshima, Hiroyuki; Joshi, Pramod Kumar. Washington, D.C. 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper No.: 1703
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: food safety; dairy cooperatives; dairy farms; profitability; agricultural development; milk yield; returns; agricultural policies; food policies
Countries: BIHAR; INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files: https://doi.org/10.2499/1020502878
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2499/1020502878
DOIA: 10.2499/1020502878
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; CRP2; F Strengthening institutions and governance
Date created: 2018-01-19
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0001-8920-6598; 0000-0001-5820-2092; 0000-0002-9637-1767
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132250/filename/132250.pdf/mapsto/pdf
DOI : 10.2499/1020502878
Abstract | View

The promotion of cooperatives is widely viewed as the most important institutional arrangement for spurring dairy development in India and much of the success of the White Revolution in India is attributed to the cooperative framework of the country's dairy development strategies. However, empirical evidences on impact of dairy cooperatives based on sound econometric analysis are scarce. To bridge the gap in literature, this paper examines the impact of dairy cooperative membership on farm performance indicators, such as milk yield, net returns, and adoption of food safety measures (FSM) in milk production, using panel data from a survey of milk producers in 2007 and 2015 in Bihar, India. An endogenous switching regression model, which accounts for selection bias, is used in the analysis.
District Nutrition Profiles: A quick guide
George, Nitya Rachel; Vaid, Abhilasha; Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Avula, Rasmi; Menon, Purnima. New Delhi, India 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: District Nutrition Profile
Record type: Supplementary material
Keywords: nutrition; malnutrition; nutrition policies; child nutrition; health; indicators
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; POSHAN; CRP4
Date created: 2018-02-27
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0003-0294-0023; 0000-0001-9144-2127; 0000-0003-0066-6964; 0000-0001-5988-2894
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132313/filename/132313.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

India is home to millions of undernourished children; however, little is known about the extent of undernutrition and its multiple determinants at the district level. POSHAN has generated District Nutrition Profiles (DNPs) for the 640 districts of India, with the aim of creating awareness, facilitating evidence-based discussions, and mobilizing action for nutrition at the district level. These 4 page profiles present a snapshot of the state of nutrition and its multiple determinants in each district. They were conceptualized to enable local leaders and civil society to understand what it takes to effectively tackle undernutrition in their communities. Data on the nutritional status of children in India is often only available at the national and state levels, with very little data present at the district level. So, this series is a step towards bridging this knowledge gap.
Scaling up innovations through adaptive research: An institutional analysis and lessons from farm science centers in India
Ananth, P. N.; Sahoo, P. R.; Babu, Suresh Chandra; Barik, N. K.; Sundaray, J. K.; . Washington, D.C. 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper No.: 1711
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: institutions; extension programmes; aquaculture; innovation adoption; extension centres; field experimentation; technology transfer; agricultural innovation systems;
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; DCA; CRP2; 1 Fostering Climate-Resilient and Sustainable Food Supply; 4 Transforming Agricultural and Rural Economies; 5 Strengthening Institutions and Governance; G Cross-cutting gender theme; Capacity Strengthening; 2 Promoting Healthy Diets and Nutrition for all
Date created: 2018-02-27
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-8706-2516
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132314/filename/132314.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

This study uses a two-plot trial comparing 6 new technologies with traditional farmer practices in 34 fish farmers’ ponds in the Khordha district of Odisha state, India. The results indicate that the 6 technologies are location specific and feasible; however, some of the required inputs are out of reach for a small-scale fish farmer. The study also reveals that constant institutional support is required to keep farmers using the new practices until an incubation period has been completed. It suggests ways in which the mainstream extension system can address farmers’ constraints in order to promote more widespread adoption of new technologies. The study illustrates the challenges of conducting adaptive trials in farmers’ fields and of reaching more farmers with the proven technologies. Finally, it suggests ways to improve the technology generation system and the institutions that organize adaptive trials, as well as areas for improvement in linking results such as these to mainstream extension. Very few studies have analyzed the results of adaptive trials and their utility for both the extension system and end users.
Can contract farming in organic basmati rice be a boon to smallholders? Evidence from India
Mishra, Ashkok K.; Kumar, Anjani; Joshi, Pramod Kumar; D’Souza, Alwin; Tripathi, Gaurav. Washington, D.C. 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper No.: 1712
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: contract farming; risk; crop yield; organic foods; basmati rice; smallholders; sustainable agriculture; production costs; agricultural prices; organic agriculture
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; CRP2; Policy Reform Initiative Project (PRIP);
Date created: 2018-03-02
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0001-8920-6598; 0000-0002-9637-1767; 0000-0002-6778-5506
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132315/filename/132315.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

Demand for organic basmati rice (OBR), both at home and abroad, coupled with policy reforms in India have given rise to contract farming (CF) production in that nation. OBR production, however, is highly susceptible to weather and pest risks. This study investigates the impact of smallholders’ perceived production risks on their adoption of CF in OBR farming. We also assess the impact of CF in OBR production on yields, prices received, and the livelihood of OBR producers. We use farm-level data from smallholder basmati rice farms in India and the endogenous switching regression method to account for heterogeneity.
Farm machinery use and agricultural industries in India: Status, evolution, implications and lessons learned
Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Singh, Gajendra; Takeshima, Hiroyuki; Shekhawat, Ravindra S.. Washington, D.C. 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper No.: 1715
Record type: Discussion paper
Keywords: agricultural mechanization; tractors; evolution; farm size; labour; manufacturing; innovation adoption; ownership
Countries: INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; DCA; CRP2; 4 Transforming Agricultural and Rural Economies
Date created: 2018-03-15
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-8316-0733
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132331/filename/132331.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

This study reviews the evolution of agricultural mechanization, particularly tractors, in India. In doing so, it provides some rough indicators of the extent of mechanization (particularly the spread of tractor use) at different historical phases, emphasizing that India’s experiences up to 1990 are as important as the lessons since then. The paper highlights the growth of diverse patterns of custom-hiring service provision, as well as heterogeneity in the speed of mechanization growth across regions and agroecological zones. It also summarizes the evolution of key related policies in India that are likely to have affected tractor imports, supply, financing, manufacturing, and related inputs such as fuel and electricity.
Who are the entrepreneurs? A case for accelerated service economy for agricultural machinery in Odisha
Singh, Vartika; Ward, Patrick S.; Gupta, Shweta. Washington, DC; 2018

Collection: /p15738coll2
Series: CSISA Research Note No.: 10
Record type: Project Note
Keywords: public investment; entrepreneurship; farm equipment; subsidies; rural development strategies; entrepreneurs; agricultural mechanization; intensive farming; service industry; efficiency; farmers
Countries: ODISHA; INDIA; SOUTH ASIA; ASIA
Language: English
Dataset files:
DOI:
DOIA:
IFPRI descriptor: IFPRI1; CSISA
Date created: 2018-03-23
Subtitle:
orcida: 0000-0002-5618-0069; 0000-0001-8793-1200; 0000-0001-6381-6857
Resource URL: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/132352/filename/132352.pdf/mapsto/pdf
Abstract | View

In this note, we discuss the traits of machine owners that are associated with entrepreneurial behavior and ways in which information about these traits could be used to improve the targeting of mechanization subsidies to better foster the emergence of custom-hire services for farm machinery in Odisha.

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