A growing population, food price inflation, and frequent natural disasters in Pakistan have raised concerns about the country’s food security. Pakistan’s population depends on wheat and rice to meet their daily food energy requirement but past studies have not provided supply or demand projections for these important cereals. IFPRI researchers bridge this information gap using the Almost Ideal Demand System (LA-AIDS) to project household demand for eight food items.
Beginning in the early 1980s, Bangladesh underwent a transition, the government loosened controls and farmers achieved a greater degree of self-sufficiency. Still, this densely populated country remains a net importer of rice and must confront many challenges before becoming a food secure nation.Review of Input and Output Policies for Cereal Production in Bangladesh examines the policies that led to yield and efficiency gains in order to understand how they might impact future growth, taking into consideration obstacles like:
Farmers’ access to inputs
Small and fragmented landholding
Lack of funding support for the research and public extension systems
Asian food markets are rapidly changing. Packed and branded products have begun filling the shelves of local stores leading IFPRI researchers to ask: How does branding affect farmers and consumers?Branding and Agricultural Value Chains in Developing Countries: Insights from Bihar, a case study of the makhanamarket in the low-income state of Bihar, India, reveals that consumers prefer purchasing branded products, but false claims on packaging abound and farmers receive little direct benefit from branded products. This highlights a lack of consumer protection and quality control.
Policymakers can step in, according to the authors, to create independent certification mechanisms and spur backward linkages to farmers by assuring appropriate market conditions for investment.
Global demand for food and the levelling off of crop productivity intensifies the need for agricultural innovations. Increasingly, India’s private agribusinesses are meeting that need, funding research and development (R&D) that’s resulted in farm machinery, pesticide, and biotechnology advancements.Keeping in mind the private sector’s success, the authors of Innovation and Research by Private Agribusiness in India, aim to strengthen future research by supplying India’s policymakers with quantifiable data and analyses on the:
Factors influencing the expansion of agribusiness spending
Impacts on production, poverty, health, and the environment
Amounts private companies are investing in R&D
Covered in the report are some of private sector’s gains in productivity and efficiency, like:
Cotton hybrids that now dominate the cotton seed market
Understanding how farmers adopt new information is vital to successful extension programs. Yet delivery of local information to farmers in a reliable, timely manner remains a challenge. Any attempt to reform agricultural extension systems needs to start with a full understanding of farmers' information needs, as well as how that need is currently being met by extension and advisory services.
These projects have all made an effort to reduce the expert-farmer gap by making content relevant, accessible, and reliable using local experts and farmers’ preferred communication channels. However, further improvements could be made through increasing user feedback, direct involvement of farmers, and ensuring open access to information stored within databases.