Assessing Impact of Capacity Building under the National Agriculture Innovation Program (NAIP)

Assessing Capacity Building Impact project
Source: IFPRI
 The capacity development activities of a researcher not only contribute to research outputs but can also have an indirect effect on future research outputs and the capacities of other colleagues who collaborate with them. Further, the skills developed through capacity building activities increase the productivity of research investments made through India Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR) and State Agriculture Universities (SAUs). While considerable evidence exists on the impact of the technological innovations from agricultural research programs, rigorous evaluations of the impact of capacity development programs on the research outputs and productivity of researchers remain at their incipient stage The major objective of this evaluation study is to document the impact of the capacity strengthening activities under the National Agriculture Innovation Program (NAIP) on the national agricultural research system. The specific objectives of the evaluation include: Trace the inputs and investments in capacity strengthening through NAIP in the form of various activities

  • Identify and document various outputs in the form of thematic and research skills developed through the NAIP capacity building approaches
  • Document the benefits of the capacity strengthening activities in the form of improved productivity of the researchers in terms of both quantity and quality of their outputs
  • Identify and develop specific examples of the contributions of the capacity created on the technological innovation
  • Identify conditions for success of various mode of capacity strengthening programs for different categories of researchers
  • Document the evidence of development of collaborative research programs and networks as a result of the capacity development programs.

The evaluation study will use the following methods for assessing the impact of the capacity development  approaches on agricultural research:

  • documentation of lessons learned based on participants’ personal experience and observation;
  • a more formal assessment using qualitative analysis based on pre-set output, outcome, or impact criteria; and
  •  impact assessment using quantitative analysis  using a formal questionnaires to both the beneficiaries and their counterfactuals

Time line: 2012 - March 2014

Geographical Area: India

Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP)

Pakistan Strategy Support Program
Source: Flickr (Michael Foley Photography)
Pakistan is at a crossroads today. The country’s future growth and prosperity depend acutely on facing a number of complex issues. Many of these issues are grounded in the persistent challenges of reducing poverty, improving food security, and fostering broad-based economic growth throughout the country. Solutions will partly come from designing strategies, polices and investments that serve the millions of poor, rural households and food-insecure urban households. Only with a better understanding of how to implement, monitor, and improve these solutions will Pakistan’s growth and poverty reduction objectives be achieved.

Responding to a request from the Government of Pakistan, the Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP), launched in July 2011, is a flexible country-led and country-wide policy analysis and capacity strengthening program. The program provides analytical support on a range of economic policies affecting agricultural growth and food security in the country. The core purpose of the program is to contribute to pro-poor economic growth and enhanced food security through strengthened national capacity for designing and implementing evidence-based policy reforms

The program will focus on improving research-based policy analysis; building capacity, leadership and networks among researchers and policy analysts within and outside the government; and disseminating research results among diverse stakeholders.

The PSSP,  seeks to create a more favorable enabling environment for investment and enterprise growth, particularly in the agricultural sector. It is being implemented through close collaboration between IFPRI, Innovative Development Strategies (Pvt) Ltd. (IDS), and other collaborators, under the guidance of a high-level National Advisory Committee.

Bangladesh Policy Research and Strategy Support Program

Bangladesh Strategy Support ProgramObjective:
Improving food and nutrition security is a matter of supreme importance to millions of people in Bangladesh, and an issue of paramount concern to those responsible for the nation’s welfare. Food plays a major role in economic growth, health, nutrition, and even political stability in Bangladesh; the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) considers agricultural development a major priority alongside food and nutrition security. While Bangladesh has experienced steady advances in food availability, the country faces a number of persistent and emerging challenges, including population growth, worsening soil fertility, deteriorating access to increasingly scarce natural resources (such as water and land), increasing vulnerability of improved crop varieties to pests and diseases, climate change, and persistent poverty leading to poor access to food. In 2010 IFPRI co-convened the Bangladesh Food Security Investment Forum, along with the Government of Bangladesh and the United States Agency for International Development, paving the way for future collaboration to improve food security.

The Bangladesh Policy Research and Strategy Support Program, a collaboration between IFPRI's Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division and the Development Strategy and Governance Division, aims to generate applied research to fill knowledge gaps on critical food security and agricultural developmental issues in Bangladesh.

The project will facilitate the policymaking process, stimulate policy dialogue, and communicate evidence-based research findings to relevant Ministries of the Government of Bangladesh and other stakeholders. IFPRI proposes to achieve these objectives through three specific interventions: Provide policy advisory services, carry out research in collaboration with national institutions for developing evidence-based policy options, and improve the effectiveness of the delivery of food-policy related information to decisionmakers and other stakeholders. The expected outcomes of the project include enhanced efficiency of food production and marketing, accelerated income growth of the rural and urban poor, improved nutrition for vulnerable groups, and strengthened capacity of key Bangladeshi institutions for future food policy analysis. The four-year project is expected to run from October 2010 through September 2014.

Timeline: 2010-2014

Geographical Coverage: Bangladesh

Technology (ex-ante) Assessment and Farm Household Segmentation for Inclusive Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Growth in Agriculture (TIGA)

TIGA programObjective:
Enhance the inclusion of all small farming communities in agricultural technology innovation by improving understanding of the interactions between technology needs, farming systems, ecological resources and poverty characteristics; and link these insights with technology assessments in order to guide action that will overcome current barriers to technology access and adoption.

Carry out an in-depth survey in marginality hotspots within the states of Odisha and Bihar, which will be mapped and identified in partnership with ZEF, aiming to characterize all strata of people in poor, small farming communities and identify the barriers they face in adopting new crop technology that could lead to increased productivity.

Based on secondary data and the results of the survey IFPRI-Asia will:

  1. Characterize the different strata of the poor and their needs
  2. Identify barriers that hinder the spread of crop innovations from both supply and demand sides (including needs assessment of the different strata of the poor).
  3. Assess (ex-ante) the likely impact of major productivity growth programs on the lives of the different strata of the poor.
  4. Develop a rollout strategy for the major crop innovation programs .

Timeline: 2012-2013

Geographical Coverage: Bihar and Odisa, India

Prioritizing Interventions for Reducing Impact of Climate Change and Increasing Incomes of Smallholders in Indo-Gangetic Plain

Prioritizing interventions for reducing impact of climate changeObjective:
(i) Prioritize available technology and policy options so climate change adaptations can be implemented at key CCAFS sites and scaled up to the entire region.

(ii) Develop a land use model that identifies optimal land uses for food production, income and the environment so targets related to climate smart agriculture can be met.

(iii) Assess adoption of agricultural insurance, especially index based insurance versus other risk mitigating options for managing climatic variability.

(i) Prepare a list of climate smart interventions for rice, wheat and maize crops.

(ii) Complete an economic feasibility study for climate smart interventions for rice and wheat in Bihar, Punjab and Haryana of India.

(iii) Based on a literature review, develop an inventory of climate change adaptation policies for the agricultural sector in India.

Timeline: 2009-2013

Geographical Coverage: India (Bihar, Punjab/Haryana, Terai of Nepal, and Coastal region of Bangladesh

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